The beginning of Acts chapter six invites us to one of the first disputes within the early church. It seems interesting that this problem occurs after the initial persecution of the church (Acts 4), and after the turmoil of sinning saints (Acts 5). If Satan cannot destroy the church with persecution from without, and if he cannot destroy it with sin in its members, then he will try to do it within the leadership of the church (Acts 6:1-7).
An issue arose from within the leadership of the church that the Hellenist widows were not being taken care of. The Hellenist Jews thought that the Apostles were overlooking the poor and needy. Now, we must understand that the Hellenist Jews were Greek speaking Jews and were not native Palestinian Jews. The Palestinian Jews spoke Aramaic and held true to more traditional views of Judaism. The Hellenistic Jews used the Septuagint Old Testament which was translated into Greek and the Palestinian Jews used the Hebrew Translated Old Testament. The Hellenist Jews and Palestinian Jews had for many years been divided, and now their dissension was seeping into the church.